OCC BULLETIN 2018-34
Subject: High Volatility Commercial Real Estate
Date: September 28, 2018
To: Chief Executive Officers of All National Banks and Federal Savings Associations, Department and Division Heads, All Examining Personnel, and Other Interested Parties
Description: Notice of Proposed Rulemaking
The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC), the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (FRB), and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) (collectively, the agencies) are seeking comment on a proposed rule that would, in accordance with section 214 of the Economic Growth, Regulatory Relief, and Consumer Protection Act (EGRRCPA), revise the capital rules to make the definition of high volatility commercial real estate (HVCRE) exposure consistent with the new statutory definition of a high volatility commercial real estate acquisition, development, or construction (HVCRE ADC) loan. Going forward, the capital rule would continue to contain a single definition of HVCRE that would be applicable under both the standardized approach and the advanced approaches. The proposed rule also seeks comment on whether the banking agencies should further clarify the new definition.
In 2013, the agencies adopted a revised regulatory capital rule (capital rule) that, among other things, addressed weaknesses in the regulatory framework that became apparent in the financial crisis of 2007-2008. The capital rule strengthened the capital requirements applicable to banking organizations supervised by the agencies by improving both the quality and quantity of regulatory capital and increasing risk sensitivity. To better capture the risk of certain kinds of real estate exposures, the capital rule defined HVCRE. Those exposures consisted of certain ADC loans shown to have increased risk characteristics relative to other ADC exposures, and thus were assigned a heightened risk weight under the capital rule.
On May 24, 2018, the EGRRCPA became law. Section 214 of the EGRRCPA amends the Federal Deposit Insurance Act by adding a new section 51 to provide a definition of an HVCRE ADC loan. The statute states the agencies may only require a depository institution to assign a heightened risk weight to an HVCRE exposure, as defined under the capital rule, if such exposure is an HVCRE ADC loan under the EGRRCPA. The statutory HVCRE ADC loan definition excludes any loan made before January 1, 2015. Section 214 was effective upon enactment of the statute.
Please contact Benjamin Pegg, Risk Expert, Capital Policy Division, at (202) 649-6370; or Carl Kaminski, Special Counsel, or Rima Kundnani, Attorney, Chief Counsel’s Office, at (202) 649-5490.